In 2021, Chinese New Year or commonly called ‘Spring Festival’ in China, falls on Friday, 12 February. It will be the year of the ox, according to the Chinese zodiac. The festival normally lasts for 16 days. How do families prepare for Chinese New Year?
To celebrate the CNY, the house will get a spring clean. Spring cleaning before the Lunar New Year is not just for the practical reasons of ridding our homes of old furniture and trash. For the Chinese, this also signifies clearing the home of bad luck.
The Chinese believe that only by getting rid of the old and the bad can one invite in the new and good fortune. This usually takes place a few days before the first day of Chinese New Year.
Hanging up the decorations will be the next step after spring cleaning. Red paper cuttings with lucky animals, and with auspicious words and poems are pasted around the walls of the house. Red and golden lanterns are also displayed in the house, and sometimes hung in pairs outside the main door to bring in good luck.
Families eat certain dishes during Chinese New Year for their symbolic meaning. They serve lucky food during the 16-day festival season, especially on New Year’s Eve, which is believed to bring good luck for the coming year.
- Tangerine or mandarin orange 柑 (gan) this sounds like ‘gold’. Who wouldn’t want more gold?
- Glutinous Rice Cake 年糕 (nian gao) sounds like it means ‘getting higher year after year’. This implies children’s height, rise in business, promotion at work, better grades in studies etc.
- Fish 鱼 (yu) this sounds like in means ‘surplus’. Us Chinese like to have a surplus left at the end of the year because they think if they managed to save something at the end of the year, then they can make more next year!
- Longevity Noodles 长寿面 (Chang Shou Mian) unsurprisingly symbolise a wish for longevity. The noodles are longer than normal and should not be cut or trimmed to represent the eater’s life!
- Spring Roll 春卷 (chun juan) the crispy golden fried rolls symbolise the bar of gold!
- Sweet Glutinous rice balls 汤圆 (tang yuan): these small, delightfully gummy rice balls, made with glutinous-rice flour and water, are served as symbols of togetherness and family reunion.
The reunion dinner is not just about the food. It’s also about gathering and catching up with family members, relatives, and close friends, many of whom we only get to meet once a year. Reunion dinner is so important that some people will fly back to have it with their family even if they live far away. Reunion dinner normally happens on the eve of CNY, however, in modern day this could happen any time of during the 16 days festive season.
Visiting relatives and friends’ houses is important during this festive season. This is to wish them a good year ahead. The people who go bai nian will normally bring some gifts (most common one will be mandarin oranges – in even numbers PLEASE. As the Chinese say: all good thing come in pairs). The host will return some gifts as a way of returning the blessings. Grandparents and parents are normally visited on the first and second day of CNY.
Ang bao or red packets
Ang bao or red packets contain money and are usually given to babies, children or unmarried relatives and friends. The working single people will also give ang bao to their elderly parents and grandparents as blessings. People normally place new notes in ang bao or red packets as symbols of new good fortune. This is an interesting article on the history of ang bao and here you can find out what is a good amount of money to put in your ang bao or ang pow.
There is quite a number of taboos on the first day of CNY. Here are some:
- Rice porridge – do no eat porridge as this symbolises poverty.
- Hair washing – do not wash your hair as this will wash away your wealth.
- Sweeping the floor – do not sweep the floor as this will sweep away all your wealth and fortune. If you need to do it, just sweep inward to the house.
- Unlucky words – do not speak of any unlucky word. Like death, accident etc. as they may come true.
- Crying – no crying as it brings bad luck.
- Borrowing money – avoid borrowing money as this will lead to a debt the whole year.
- Scissors or knives – avoid using scissor or knife as quarrels and disputes will be inevitable all year round.
- Sleep – do not sleep during the day time as this will make you lazy and lethargic for the rest of the year.
- Clothes – wear new clothes! This symbolises a new beginning. Time for shopping!
The CNY taboos list can go on and on, but the above are most common ones. Whether this is true or superstitious, I don’t know. However, it always comes to the old saying “better to be safe than sorry”. It is up to the individual to believe or not. How about you?